Trauma is a physical wound or injury to the body caused by some external source, like an accident or violence.
Types of trauma include:
- Abdominal — trauma to the abdomen
- Blast injury — trauma caused by an explosion
- Blunt — trauma caused by impact or another force
- Chest — trauma to any part of the chest
- Facial — trauma to the face
- Geriatric — trauma in the elderly
- Head injury — trauma to the head
- Pediatric — trauma in children
- Penetrating — trauma where the skin is pierced by an object
- Polytrauma — multiple traumatic injuries
- Spinal cord injury — trauma to the spinal cord
- Traumatic asphyxia — trauma to the torso and lungs that interferes with one’s ability to breathe normally or at all
- Traumatic cardiac arrest — cardiac arrest from a blunt trauma
Treatments for trauma victims are either non-operative or operative. Non-operative treatment tends mostly to abdomen, chest and neck injuries, as well as blunt trauma victims, while operative treatment is used for musculoskeletal injuries.